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Official Verbal Prep Group

Official Verbal Prep Group

GMAT LSAT SAT GRE

Brief

Discuss your test-specific queries related to the VERBAL section.

Description

The verbal section can be daunting for test takers, especially for non-native users of the English language. In order to achieve a good verbal score, having an active and rigorous preparation cycle is an absolute must, along with valuable resources, such as this group, that will facilitate a smooth prep experience.

Your active participation on this group will facilitate your exposure to a vast variety of test-prep related verbal material, and will get you more aware of the typical errors that you are prone to make on test day. Here’s your chance to ask and answer questions, and get real-time feedback on them. Since the core premise of this group is “discussion”, you have the liberty to interact with the other members and discuss (even debate) your answers.

As an additional resource, “From English, With Love” is going to be your aid and guide to verbal skill-building in general, and is going to help you resolve those minor, yet significant qualms that stand in the way of a good score.

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Discussion

  • 2017-04-20 Tanushree Sharma

    C should be the answer

  • 2017-04-19 Elisa Lemos

    OA: D
    The intended meaning of the sentence is that the rapid movement of people across North America is one explanation of the similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region. As worded, however, the sentence is illogical: The sentence indicates that the similarity in artifacts was a rapid movement of people, which makes no sense. Instead of equating similarity with movement, the sentence needs to identify this movement of people as a cause of similarity among artifacts.

  • 2017-04-19 Elisa Lemos

    OA: E
    The opening clause correctly modifies "many people", and the adverb is correctly placed.

  • 2017-04-19 Elisa Lemos

    OA: B
    This version correctly conjoins two parallel phrases, Gandhi as a person and as a politician, and, in using two simple past tenses to introduce the two emotions, marks them as holding at the same time.

  • 2017-04-19 Elisa Lemos

    OA: E
    The idiomatic phrase as x as y is properly used, and the comparison is clear and parallel.

  • 2017-04-19 Elisa Lemos

    OA: E
    The original sentence fails because of the mismatch between "with none of . . ." and "or with . . ." . One way to successfully convey the intended meaning is to use the preposition "without" governing all the items in the series, expressed as nouns or noun phrases.

  • 2017-04-18 Elisa Lemos

    Hello, guys. Let's take a look at some Sentence Correction questions. Cheers!

  • 2017-04-18 Elisa Lemos

    1. In the early part of the twentieth century, many vacationers found that driving automobiles and sleeping in tents allowed them to enjoy nature close at hand and tour at their own pace, with none of the restrictions of passenger trains and railroad timetables or with the formalities, expenses, and impersonality of hotels.

    (A) with none of the restrictions of passenger trains and railroad timetables or with the
    (B) with none of the restrictions of passenger trains, railroad timetables, nor
    (C) without the restrictions of passenger trains and railroad timetables nor
    (D) without the restrictions of passenger trains and railroad timetables or with the
    (E) without the restrictions of passenger trains and railroad timetables or the

  • 2017-04-18 Elisa Lemos

    2. Not trusting themselves to choose wisely among the wide array of investment opportunities on the market, stockbrokers are helping many people who turn to them to buy stocks that could be easily bought directly.

    (A) stockbrokers are helping many people who turn to them to buy stocks that could be easily
    (B) stockbrokers are helping many people who are turning to them for help in buying stocks that they could easily have
    (C) many people are turning to stockbrokers for help from them to buy stocks that could be easily
    (D) many people are turning to stockbrokers for help to buy stocks that easily could have been
    (E) many people are turning to stockbrokers for help in buying stocks that could easily be

  • 2017-04-18 Elisa Lemos

    3. Traffic safety officials predict that drivers will be equally likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as the current one.

    (A) equally likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as
    (B) equally likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as they are
    (C) equally likely that they will exceed the proposed speed limit as
    (D) as likely that they will exceed the proposed speed limit as
    (E) as likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as they are

  • 2017-04-18 Elisa Lemos

    4. Bengal-born writer, philosopher, and educator Rabindranath Tagore had the greatest admiration for Mohandas K. Gandhi the person and also as a politician, but Tagore had been skeptical of Gandhi’s form of nationalism and his conservative opinions about India’s cultural traditions.

    (A) for Mohandas K. Gandhi the person and also as a politician, but Tagore had been
    (B) for Mohandas K. Gandhi as a person and as a politician, but Tagore was also
    (C) for Mohandas K. Gandhi not only as a person and as a politician, but Tagore was also
    (D) of Mohandas K. Gandhi as a person and as also a politician, but Tagore was
    (E) of Mohandas K. Gandhi not only as a person and as a politician, but Tagore had also been

  • 2017-04-18 Elisa Lemos

    5. The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as a very rapid movement of people from one end of North America to the other.

    (A) The remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region can, in part, be explained as
    (B) Thule artifacts being remarkably similar throughout a vast region, one explanation is
    (C) That Thule artifacts are remarkably similar throughout a vast region is,in part, explainable as
    (D) One explanation for the remarkable similarity of Thule artifacts throughout a vast region is that there was
    (E) Throughout a vast region Thule artifacts are remarkably similar, with one explanation for this being

  • 2017-04-05 Elisa Lemos

    OA: D
    Which statement would NOT be accepted by those objecting to the measure? The point of the objection is that the number of letters delivered is, by itself, an inadequate measure of postal workers’ productivity. The challenge introduces the issue of the quality of the work being performed by suggesting that the number of misdirected letters should also be
    taken into account. The challenge is based on rejecting the idea that quality can be ignored when measuring productivity.

  • 2017-04-05 Elisa Lemos

    OA: C
    Th e custom replacements must be compared with the ordinary replacements on the basis of the costs of surgery, recovery,and potential repeat hospitalizations. Repeat surgery involves all three kinds of costs; the extent to which such repeat surgery can be avoided is a sound measure of the cost-effectiveness of the two types of replacements.

  • 2017-04-05 Elisa Lemos

    OA: D
    Cutting
    the number of truckloads of refuse in half must reduce the amount of residual ash to half last year’s level. But if removal of the recycled refuse does not proportionately reduce the amount of ash, this will not happen. So if the amount of residual ash produced per truckload increases after recycling, then the amount of ash produced will not be cut in half by cutting in half the number of truckloads.

  • 2017-04-05 Elisa Lemos

    OA: A
    This statement properly identifies an additional premise that would invalidate the argument. If collard greens > kale, then it is possible that lettuce > kale, because the ranking could be collard greens > lettuce > kale > spinach.

  • 2017-04-05 Elisa Lemos

    OA: E
    This statement properly identifies the logical flaw in the reasoning, which takes evidence about average weight to draw a conclusion about average weight gain. The two measures are not the same.

  • 2017-04-05 Elisa Lemos

    Hello, guys! This week, let's tackle some Critical Reasoning questions. Cheers!

  • 2017-04-05 Elisa Lemos

    1. Correctly measuring the productivity of service workers is complex. Consider, for example, postal workers: they are often said to be more productive if more letters are delivered per postal worker. But is this really true? What if more letters are lost or delayed per worker at the same time that more are delivered?
    The objection implied above to the productivity measure described is based on doubts about the truth of which of the following statements?
    (A) Postal workers are representative of service workers in general.
    (B) The delivery of letters is the primary activity of the postal service.
    (C) Productivity should be ascribed to categories of workers, not to individuals.
    (D) The quality of services rendered can appropriately be ignored in computing productivity.
    (E) The number of letters delivered is relevant to measuring the productivity of postal workers.

  • 2017-04-05 Elisa Lemos

    2. Although custom prosthetic bone replacements produced through a new computer-aided design process will cost more than twice as much as ordinary replacements, custom replacements should still be cost-effective. Not only will surgery and recovery time be reduced, but custom replacements should last longer, thereby reducing the need for further hospital stays.
    Which of the following must be studied in order to evaluate the argument presented above?

    (A) The amount of time a patient spends in surgery versus the amount of time spent recovering from surgery
    (B) The amount by which the cost of producing custom replacements has declined with the introduction of the new technique for producing them
    (C) The degree to which the use of custom replacements is likely to reduce the need for repeat surgery when compared with the use of ordinary replacements
    (D) The degree to which custom replacements produced with the new technique are more carefully manufactured than are ordinary replacements
    (E) The amount by which custom replacements produced with the new technique will drop in cost as the production procedures become standardized and applicable on a larger scale

  • 2017-04-05 Elisa Lemos

    3. Last year all refuse collected by Shelbyville city services was incinerated. This incineration generated a large quantity of residual ash. In order to reduce the amount of residual ash Shelbyville generates this year to half of last year’s total, the city has revamped its collection program. This year city services will separate for recycling enough refuse to reduce the number of truckloads of refuse to be incinerated to half of last year’s number.
    Which of the following is required for the revamped collection program to achieve its aim?

    (A) This year, no materials that city services could separate for recycling will be incinerated.
    (B) Separating recyclable materials from materials to be incinerated will cost Shelbyville less than half what it cost last year to dispose of the residual ash.
    (C) Refuse collected by city services will contain a larger proportion of recyclable materials this year than it did last year.
    (D) The refuse incinerated this year will generate no more residual ash per truckload incinerated than did the refuse incinerated last year.
    (E) The total quantity of refuse collected by Shelbyville city services this year will be no greater than that collected last year.

  • 2017-04-05 Elisa Lemos

    4. Kale has more nutritional value than spinach. But since collard greens have more nutritional value than lettuce, it follows that kale has more nutritional value than lettuce.
    Any of the following, if introduced into the argument as an additional premise, makes the argument above logically correct EXCEPT:
    (A) Collard greens have more nutritional value than kale.
    (B) Spinach has more nutritional value than lettuce.
    (C) Spinach has more nutritional value than collard greens.
    (D) Spinach and collard greens have the same nutritional value.
    (E) Kale and collard greens have the same nutritional value.

  • 2017-04-05 Elisa Lemos

    5. The average normal infant born in the United States weighs between 12 and 14 pounds at the age of three months. Therefore, if a three-month-old child weighs only 10 pounds, its weight gain has been below the United States average.

    Which of the following indicates a flaw in the reasoning above?

    (A) Weight is only one measure of normal infant development.
    (B) Some three-month-old children weigh as much as 17 pounds.
    (C) It is possible for a normal child to weigh 10 pounds at birth.
    (D) The phrase “below average” does not necessarily mean insufficient.
    (E) Average weight gain is not the same as average weight.

  • 2017-03-22 Elisa Lemos

    OA: C
    This accurately describes the flaw in the argument because the reasons given in the argument for its conclusion would be good reasons only if there were no other plausible explanations for Parland’s greater labor productivity.

  • 2017-03-22 Elisa Lemos

    OA: A
    If the frame were not made of wood local to the region where the picture was painted, or if that region in turn were not where the painter was from, then the cited fact about where the wood was more common would be irrelevant to the conclusion about who painted the picture.

  • 2017-03-22 Elisa Lemos

    OA: B
    This suggests that the snow could have collapsed the roof even if the nails had met the safety standards, thus casting doubt on the assumption that the nails’ inadequacy was responsible for the collapse.

  • 2017-03-22 Elisa Lemos

    OA: A
    If the tax will fund these public transit improvements, then far more people will have a viable means of transportation other than driving, undermining the basis of the skeptics’ objection.

  • 2017-03-22 Elisa Lemos

    OA: E
    If the evolutionary function of memory is to help animals react more appropriately by drawing on generalizations from past experiences, it follows that animal memories can often successfully serve this function in this manner.

  • 2017-03-21 Elisa Lemos

    Hello there! Welcome to another Verbal Wednesday. Let's take a look at some Critical Reasoning questions this week.

  • 2017-03-21 Elisa Lemos

    1. In virtually any industry, technological improvements increase labor productivity, which is the output of goods and services per person-hour worked. In Parland’s industries, labor productivity is significantly higher than it is in Vergia’s industries.
    Clearly, therefore, Parland’s industries must, on the whole, be further advanced technologically than Vergia’s are.
    The argument is most vulnerable to which of the following criticisms?

    (A) It offers a conclusion that is no more than a paraphrase of one of the pieces of information provided in its support.
    (B) It presents as evidence in support of a claim information that is inconsistent with other evidence presented in support of the same claim.
    (C) It takes one possible cause of a condition to be the actual cause of that condition without considering any other possible causes.
    (D) It takes a condition to be the effect of something that happened only after the condition already existed.
    (E) It makes a distinction that presupposes the truth of the conclusion that is to be established.

  • 2017-03-21 Elisa Lemos

    2. A newly discovered painting seems to be the work of one of two seventeenth century artists, either the northern German Johannes Drechen or the Frenchman Louis Birelle, who sometimes painted in the same style as Drechen. Analysis of the
    carved picture frame, which has been identified as the painting’s original seventeenth-century frame, showed that it is made of wood found widely in northern Germany at the time, but rare in the part of France where Birelle lived. This shows that the painting is most likely the work of Drechen.
    Which of the following is an assumption that the argument requires?

    (A) The frame was made from wood local to the region where the picture was painted.
    (B) Drechen is unlikely to have ever visited the home region of Birelle in France.
    (C) Sometimes a painting so resembles others of its era that no expert is able to confidently decide who painted it.
    (D) The painter of the picture chose the frame for the picture.
    (E) The carving style of the picture frame is not typical of any specific region of Europe.

  • 2017-03-21 Elisa Lemos

    3. Editorial: The roof of Northtown’s municipal equipment-storage building collapsed under the weight of last week’s heavy snowfall. The building was constructed recently and met local building-safety codes in every particular, except that the
    nails used for attaching roof supports to the building’s columns were of a smaller size than the codes specify for this purpose. Clearly, this collapse exemplifies how even a single, apparently insignificant departure from safety standards can have
    severe consequences.
    Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the editorial’s argument?

    (A) The only other buildings to suffer roof collapses from the weight of the snowfall were older buildings constructed according to less exacting standards than those in the codes.
    (B) The amount of snow that accumulated on the roof of the equipment-storage building was greater than the predicted maximum that was used in drawing up the safety codes.
    (C) Because the equipment-storage building was not intended for human occupation, some safety-code provisions that would have applied to an office building did not apply to it.
    (D) The municipality of Northtown itself has the responsibility for ensuring that buildings constructed within its boundaries meet the provisions of the building-safety codes.
    (E) Because the equipment-storage building was used for storing snow-removal equipment, the building was almost completely empty when the roof collapsed.

  • 2017-03-21 Elisa Lemos

    4. A provincial government plans to raise the gasoline tax to give people an incentive to drive less, reducing traffic congestion in the long term. However, skeptics point out that most people in the province live in areas where cars are the only viable
    transportation to jobs and stores and therefore cannot greatly change their driving habits in response to higher gasoline prices.
    In light of the skeptics’ objection, which of the following, if true, would most logically support the prediction that the government’s plan will achieve its goal of reducing traffic congestion?

    (A) The revenue from the tax will be used to make public transportation a viable means of transportation to jobs and stores for far more people.
    (B) The tax will encourage many residents to switch to more fuel-efficient cars, reducing air pollution and other problems.
    (C) Because gasoline has been underpriced for decades, the province has many neighborhoods where cars are the only viable means of transportation.
    (D) Most residents who cannot greatly change their driving habits could compensate for high gasoline prices by reducing other expenses.
    (E) Traffic congestion is an especially serious problem for people for whom cars are the only viable means of transportation.

  • 2017-03-21 Elisa Lemos

    5. Neuroscientist: Memory evolved to help animals react appropriately to situations they encounter by drawing on the past experience of similar situations. But this does not require that animals perfectly recall every detail of all their experiences.
    Instead, to function well, memory should generalize from past experiences that are similar to the current one.
    The neuroscientist’s statements, if true, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?

    (A) At least some animals perfectly recall every detail of at least some past experiences.
    (B) Perfectly recalling every detail of all their past experiences could help at least some animals react more appropriately than they otherwise would to new situations they encounter.
    (C) Generalizing from past experiences requires clear memories of most if not all the details of those experiences.
    (D) Recalling every detail of all past experiences would be incompatible with any ability to generalize from those experiences.
    (E) Animals can often react more appropriately than they otherwise would to situations they encounter if they draw on generalizations from past experiences of similar situations.

  • 2017-03-08 Elisa Lemos

    OA: Unlike (A) and (B), this version has a main clause. Also, unlike the other version, it correctly uses the both x and y form.

  • 2017-03-08 Elisa Lemos

    OA: D
    This version correctly uses the idiom "proof that" followed by an assertion.

  • 2017-03-08 Elisa Lemos

    OA: C
    This version correctly uses the form both x and y and is grammatically correct.

  • 2017-03-08 Elisa Lemos

    OA: C
    This version correctly draws the contrast between "raider ants" and "other kinds of ants". Furthermore, unlike in (B) and (D), it is clear here that situated underground or in pieces of wood applies to the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants.

  • 2017-03-08 Elisa Lemos

    OA: C
    This has correct subject-verb agreement, eliminates the wordiness of the original sentence, and the phrases "whether . . . warmer" and "to what extent" are parallel.

  • 2017-03-08 Elisa Lemos

    Hello, guys! Welcome to another Verbal Wednesday! Let's take a look at some Sentence Correction questions.

  • 2017-03-08 Elisa Lemos

    1. Discussion of greenhouse effects have usually had as a focus the possibility of Earth growing warmer and to what extent it might, but climatologists have indicated all along that precipitation, storminess, and temperature extremes are likely to have the greatest impact on people.

    (A) Discussion of greenhouse effects have usually had as a focus the possibility of Earth growing warmer and to what extent it might,
    (B) Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually had as its focus whether Earth would get warmer and what the extent would be,
    (C) Discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on whether Earth would grow warmer and to what extent,
    (D) The discussion of greenhouse effects have usually focused on the possibility of Earth getting warmer and to what extent it might,
    (E) The discussion of greenhouse effects has usually focused on whether Earth would grow warmer and the extent that is,

  • 2017-03-08 Elisa Lemos

    2. Unlike the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants, situated underground or in pieces of wood, raider ants make a portable nest by entwining their long legs to form “curtains” of ants that hang from logs or boulders, providing protection for the queen and the colony larvae and pupae.
    (A) the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants,
    (B) the nests of leaf cutters and most other ants, which are
    (C) leaf cutters and most other ants, whose nests are
    (D) leaf cutters and most other ants in having nests
    (E) those of leaf cutters and most other ants with nests

  • 2017-03-08 Elisa Lemos

    3. Although Alice Walker published a number of essays, poetry collections, and stories during the 1970s, her third novel, The Color Purple, which was published in 1982, brought her the widest acclaim in that it won both the National Book Award as well as the Pulitzer Prize.
    (A) which was published in 1982, brought her the widest acclaim in that it won both the National Book Award as well as the Pulitzer Prize
    (B) published in 1982, bringing her the widest acclaim by winning both the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize
    (C) published in 1982, brought her the widest acclaim, winning both the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize
    (D) was published in 1982 and which, winning both the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize, brought her the widest acclaim
    (E) was published in 1982, winning both the National Book Award as well as the Pulitzer Prize, and bringing her the widest acclaim

  • 2017-03-08 Elisa Lemos

    4. From an experiment using special extrasensory perception cards, each bearing one of a set of symbols, parapsychologist Joseph Banks Rhine claimed statistical proof for subjects who could use thought transference to identify a card in the dealer’s
    hand
    .
    (A) for subjects who could use thought transference to identify a card in the dealer’s hand
    (B) for a card in the dealer’s hand to be identified by subjects with thought transference
    (C) of subjects able to identify with thought transference a card in the dealer’s hand
    (D) that subjects could identify a card in the dealer’s hand by using thought transference
    (E) that subjects are capable to use thought transference for identifying a card in the dealer’s hand

  • 2017-03-08 Elisa Lemos

    5. While Noble Sissle may be best known for his collaboration with Eubie Blake, as both a vaudeville performer and as a lyricist for songs and Broadway musicals, also enjoying an independent career as a singer with such groups as Hahn’s Jubilee Singers.

    (A) and as a lyricist for songs and Broadway musicals, also enjoying
    (B) and writing lyrics for songs and Broadway musicals, also enjoying
    (C) and a lyricist for songs and Broadway musicals, he also enjoyed
    (D) as well as writing lyrics for songs and Broadway musicals, he also enjoyed
    (E) as well as a lyricist for songs and Broadway musicals, he had also enjoyed

  • 2017-02-22 Elisa Lemos

    OA: C
    This sentence describes two sequentially ordered indicators by which the results of a company’s cost cutting measures can be seen. The first indicator to be identified, a 5 percent increase in profits, occurred after the indicator mentioned next. The sentence therefore needs to clarify the sequence by presenting the first-identified indicator in a clause
    with a verb tense that indicates a later time period than the verb tense in the clause presenting the second-identified indicator. The subject of the relative clause, which, refers to the plural noun profits, so subsequent pronouns referring to these profits must also be plural.

  • 2017-02-22 Elisa Lemos

    OA:C
    This sentence correctly uses the not by … but by … formula. And "or" instead of "and" is used

  • 2017-02-22 Elisa Lemos

    OA: E
    In this concise sentence, many is correctly used with dioxins, and the subject and verb agree.

  • 2017-02-22 Elisa Lemos

    OA: B
    The verb tense clearly indicates that the current evidence is about Neanderthals in the past.

  • 2017-02-22 Elisa Lemos

    OA: A
    The idiom "as a means to" is correct in this sentence; "stressing" and "investing" are parallel.

  • 2017-02-21 Elisa Lemos

    Hello there! Welcome to Verbal Wednesday! Let´s take a look at some Sentence Correction questions. Cheers!

  • 2017-02-21 Elisa Lemos

    1. The results of the company’s cost-cutting measures are evident in its profits, which increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after it fell over the last two years.

    (A) which increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after it fell
    (B) which had increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after it had fallen
    (C) which have increased 5 percent during the first 3 months of this year after falling
    (D) with a 5 percent increase during the first 3 months of this year after falling
    (E) with a 5 percent increase during the first 3 months of this year after having fallen

  • 2017-02-21 Elisa Lemos

    2. Recently physicians have determined that stomach ulcers are not caused by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but a bacterium that dwells in the mucous lining of the stomach.

    (A) not caused by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but
    (B) not caused by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but are by
    (C) caused not by stress, alcohol, or rich foods, but by
    (D) caused not by stress, alcohol, and rich foods, but
    (E) caused not by stress, alcohol, and rich foods, but are by

  • 2017-02-21 Elisa Lemos

    3. A report by the American Academy for the Advancement of Science has concluded that much of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed comes from the incineration of wastes.

    (A) much of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed comes
    (B) much of the currently uncontrolled dioxins that North Americans are exposed to come
    (C) much of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and that North Americans are exposed to comes
    (D) many of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and North Americans are exposed to come
    (E) many of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed come

  • 2017-02-21 Elisa Lemos

    4. Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence, the Neanderthals appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path, but their relatively sudden disappearance during the Paleolithic era indicates that an inability to adapt to some environmental change led to their extinction.

    (A) appear as equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
    (B) appear to have been equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their path,
    (C) appear as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
    (D) appeared as equipped to face any obstacle the environment could put in their paths,
    (E) appeared to have been equipped for facing any obstacle the environment could put in their path,

  • 2017-02-21 Elisa Lemos

    5. More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater economic development and investing millions of dollars in cultural activities, despite strained municipal budgets and fading federal support.

    (A) to greater economic development and investing
    (B) to greater development economically and investing
    (C) of greater economic development and invest
    (D) of greater development economically and invest
    (E) for greater economic development and the investment of

  • 2017-02-09 Elisa Lemos

    OA: C
    If the answer to this question is yes, it will indicate that the plan is more likely to achieve its desired result. If the answer is no, it will show that the plan will not do so.

  • 2017-02-09 Elisa Lemos

    OA: D
    Th e wide range of flexibility in regards to working hours would make frequent interaction difficult, if not impossible, and would be likely to decrease employees’ productivity.

  • 2017-02-09 Elisa Lemos

    OA: E
    This supports the argument in favor of legislation.

  • 2017-02-09 Elisa Lemos

    OA: A
    This statement tells us that over the next ten years, a larger proportion of the population will probably be moviegoers and this could significantly increase movie attendance in Washington County.

  • 2017-02-09 Elisa Lemos

    OA: D
    This suggests that one or more factors other than bats’ shyness and nocturnal habits are needed to explain humans’ reactions to bats. For example, false beliefs about bats would be one such factor.

  • 2017-02-08 Elisa Lemos

    Hello there! Welcome to Verbal Wednesday! Let´s take a look at some Critical Reasoning questions. Cheers!

  • 2017-02-08 Elisa Lemos

    1. A conservation group in the United States is trying to change the long-standing image of bats as frightening creatures. The group contends that bats are feared and persecuted solely because they are shy animals that are active only at night.

    Which of the following, if true, would cast the most serious doubt on the accuracy of the group’s contention?

    (A) Bats are steadily losing natural roosting places such as caves and hollow trees and are thus turning to more developed areas for roosting.
    (B) Bats are the chief consumers of nocturnal insects and thus can help make their hunting territory more pleasant for humans.
    (C) Bats are regarded as frightening creatures not only in the United States but also in Europe, Africa, and South America.
    (D) Raccoons and owls are shy and active only at night, yet they are not generally feared and persecuted.
    (E) People know more about the behavior of other greatly feared animal species, such as lions, alligators, and snakes, than they do about the behavior of bats

  • 2017-02-08 Elisa Lemos

    2. In Washington County, attendance at the movies is just large enough for the cinema operators to make modest profits. The size of the county’s population is stable and is not expected to increase much. Yet there are investors ready to double the number of movie screens in the county within five years, and they are predicting solid profits both for themselves and for the established cinema operators.

    Which of the following, if true about Washington County, most helps to provide a justification for the investors’ prediction?

    (A) Over the next ten years, people in their teenage years, the prime moviegoing age, will be a rapidly growing proportion of the county’s population.
    (B) As distinct from the existing cinemas, most of the cinemas being planned would be located in downtown areas, in hopes of stimulating an economic revitalization of those areas.
    (C) Spending on video purchases, as well as spending on video rentals, has been increasing modestly each year for the past ten years.
    (D) The average number of screens per cinema is lower among existing cinemas than it is among cinemas still in the planning stages.
    (E) The sale of snacks and drinks in cinemas accounts for a steadily growing share of most cinema operators’ profits.

  • 2017-02-08 Elisa Lemos

    3. Wood smoke contains dangerous toxins that cause changes in human cells. Because wood smoke presents such a high health risk, legislation is needed to regulate the use of open-air fires and wood-burning stoves.

    Which of the following, if true, provides the most support for the argument above?

    (A) The amount of dangerous toxins contained in wood smoke is much less than the amount contained in an equal volume of automobile exhaust.
    (B) Within the jurisdiction covered by the proposed legislation, most heating and cooking is done with oil or natural gas.
    (C) Smoke produced by coal-burning stoves is significantly more toxic than smoke from wood- burning stoves.
    (D) No significant beneficial effect on air quality would result if open-air fires were banned within the jurisdiction covered by the proposed legislation.
    (E) In valleys where wood is used as the primary heating fuel, the concentration of smoke results in poor air quality.

  • 2017-02-08 Elisa Lemos

    4. A company is considering changing its policy concerning daily working hours. Currently, this company requires all employees to arrive at work at 8 a.m. The proposed policy would permit each employee to decide when to arrive—from as early as 6 a.m. to as late as 11 a.m.

    The adoption of this policy would be most likely to decrease employees’ productivity if the employees’ job functions required them to

    (A) work without interruption from other employees
    (B) consult at least once a day with employees from other companies
    (C) submit their work for a supervisor’s eventual approval
    (D) interact frequently with each other throughout the entire workday
    (E) undertake projects that take several days to complete

  • 2017-02-08 Elisa Lemos

    5. Scientists propose placing seismic stations on the floor of the Pacific Ocean to warn threatened coastal communities on the northwestern coast of the United States of approaching tidal waves caused by earthquakes. Since forewarned communities could take steps to evacuate, many of the injuries and deaths that would otherwise occur could be avoided if the government would implement this proposal.

    The answer to which of the following questions would be most important in determining whether implementing the proposal would be likely to achieve the desired result?

    (A) When was the last time that the coastal communities were threatened by an approaching tidal wave?
    (B) How far below sea level would the stations be located?
    (C) Would there be enough time after receiving warning of an approaching tidal wave for communities to evacuate safely?
    (D) How soon after a tidal wave hits land is it safe for evacuees to return to their communities?
    (E) Can the stations be equipped to collect and relay information about phenomena other than tidal waves caused by earthquakes?

  • 2017-01-25 Elisa Lemos

    OA: C
    The sentence clearly compares "plants" to "fungi", and "in the form of carbon dioxide" correctly modifies "carbon".

  • 2017-01-25 Elisa Lemos

    OA:E
    Correct idiom and parallel structure.

  • 2017-01-25 Elisa Lemos

    OA: B
    A, C and D have parallelism problems. E corrects the parallelism issue but the phrase "helping the producing"
    is an incorrect construction in English.

  • 2017-01-25 Elisa Lemos

    OA: D
    Correct idiom (estimated to be) and noun/verb agreement.

  • 2017-01-25 Elisa Lemos

    OA: D
    This alternative corrects the comparison error of A and the awkwardness of the other alternatives.

  • 2017-01-24 Elisa Lemos

    Hello, guys! Welcome to another Verbal Wednesday! Let's take a look at some more Sentence Correction questions!

  • 2017-01-24 Elisa Lemos

    1. Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were relatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

    (A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were
    (B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being
    (C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were
    (D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were
    (E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being

  • 2017-01-24 Elisa Lemos

    2. Paleontologists believe that fragments of a primate jawbone unearthed in Burma and estimated at 40 to 44 million years old provide evidence of a crucial step along the evolutionary path that led to human beings.

    (A) at 40 to 44 million years old provide evidence of
    (B) as being 40 to 44 million years old provides evidence of
    (C) that it is 40 to 44 million years old provides evidence of what was
    (D) to be 40 to 44 million years old provide evidence of
    (E) as 40 to 44 million years old provides evidence of what was

  • 2017-01-24 Elisa Lemos

    3. Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest ecosystem, aiding in the dispersal of cashew, date, and fig seeds; pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly help produce tequila by pollinating agave plants.

    (A) pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly help produce
    (B) pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly helping to produce
    (C) pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and they indirectly help to produce
    (D) they pollinate banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly help producing
    (E) they pollinate banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; indirectly helping the producing of

  • 2017-01-24 Elisa Lemos

    4. As contrasted with the honeybee, the yellow jacket can sting repeatedly without dying and carries a potent venom that can cause intense pain.

    (A) As contrasted with the honeybee,
    (B) In contrast to the honeybee’s,
    (C) Unlike the sting of the honeybee,
    (D) Unlike that of the honeybee,
    (E) Unlike the honeybee,

  • 2017-01-24 Elisa Lemos

    5. Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi, in the form of carbon dioxide, and converting it to energy-rich sugars.

    (A) Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi,
    (B) Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than fungi,
    (C) Plants are more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon,
    (D) Plants, more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon,
    (E) Plants acquire carbon more efficiently than fungi,

  • 2017-01-11 Elisa Lemos

    OA: E
    This sentence contains a list of three elements, all of which should be parallel. The last element should be preceded by the conjunction and. Therefore, A, B and C are out. Between D and E, E is better. In the construction "create … to take", the sense of "to" is "in order to"; "for taking" is not idiomatically correct.

  • 2017-01-11 Elisa Lemos

    OA: E
    This sentence depends on the comparative structure x is more than y. Here, an idiomatically incorrect construction x (none) is more as y (the wave) is used. In addition, the second part of the sentence uses the past tense verb brought,
    indicating that the event is over. The verb used in the comparative construction must also be past tense, x (none) was more concentrated than y (the wave). Maybe and perhaps are interchangeable; perhaps is slightly more formal.

  • 2017-01-11 Elisa Lemos

    OA: B
    The sentence uses the construction not only … but also.… In this construction the clauses need to be parallel. Also, "Someone who" is shorter and clearer than the phrases used in alternatives D and E.

  • 2017-01-11 Elisa Lemos

    OA: C
    This alternative uses the correct logical and grammatical structure the higher X, …the longer Y.

  • 2017-01-11 Elisa Lemos

    OA: E
    The subject of the sentence, "two Swiss psychologists", needs a main verb. A and B can be excluded.
    Moreover, the clause that addresses the reason for not taking the studies also needs a subject (most of the studies) and a verb (had failed).
    C - "having failed" is a participial form and as such cannot be the main verb in the clause.
    D - once a verb form is marked for past tense, the following verb forms that describe the same object or event have to be in the past tense as well. Thus, fail is the wrong verb form. The expression such X like Y is incorrect

  • 2017-01-10 Elisa Lemos

    Hello, guys! Welcome to another Verbal Wednesday! Let's take a look at some Sentence Correction questions. Try to justify your answers!

  • 2017-01-10 Elisa Lemos

    1. Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, the National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams, creating a special nongovernment organization to take charge of computer security planning.

    (A) creating a special nongovernment organization to take
    (B) creating a special nongovernment organization that takes
    (C) creating a special nongovernment organization for taking
    (D) and create a special nongovernment organization for taking
    (E) and create a special nongovernment organization to take

  • 2017-01-10 Elisa Lemos

    2. Of all the vast tides of migration that have swept through history, maybe none is more concentrated as the wave that brought 12 million immigrants onto American shores in little more than three decades.

    (A) maybe none is more concentrated as
    (B) it may be that none is more concentrated as
    (C) perhaps it is none that is more concentrated than
    (D) maybe it is none that was more concentrated than
    (E) perhaps none was more concentrated than

  • 2017-01-10 Elisa Lemos

    3.At the end of the 1930s, Duke Ellington was looking for a composer to assist him—someone not only who could arrange music for his successful big band, but mirroring his eccentric writing style as well in order to finish the many pieces he had started but never completed.

    (A) someone not only who could arrange music for his successful big band, but mirroring his eccentric writing style as well in order to finish
    (B) someone who could not only arrange music for his successful big band, but also mirror his eccentric writing style in order to finish
    (C) someone who not only could arrange music for his successful big band, but also to mirror his eccentric writing style in finishing (D) that being someone who could not only arrange music for his successful big band, but mirroring his eccentric writing style for finishing
    (E) being someone not only who could arrange music for his successful big band, but mirror his eccentric writing style as well, finishing

  • 2017-01-10 Elisa Lemos

    4. Manufacturers rate batteries in watt-hours; if they rate the watt-hour higher, the longer the battery can be expected to last.

    (A) if they rate the watt-hour higher, the longer
    (B) rating the watt-hour higher, it is that much longer
    (C) the higher the watt-hour rating, the longer
    (D) the higher the watt-hour rating, it is that much longer that
    (E) when the watt-hour rating is higher, the longer it is

  • 2017-01-10 Elisa Lemos

    5. In a review of 2,000 studies of human behavior that date back to the 1940s, two Swiss psychologists, declaring that since most of the studies had failed to control for such variables as social class and family size , none could be taken seriously.

    (A) psychologists, declaring that since most of the studies had failed to control for such variables as social class and family size,
    (B) psychologists, declaring that most of the studies failed in not controlling for such variables like social class and family size, and
    (C) psychologists declared that since most of the studies, having failed to control for such variables as social class and family size,
    (D) psychologists declared that since most of the studies fail in controlling for such variables like social class and family size,
    (E) psychologists declared that since most of the studies had failed to control for variables such as social class and family size,

  • 2017-01-10 Elisa Lemos

    Hello There! So, the tip I can give you is to practice, practice and practice! Read books and articles in English, watch movies, series and the news also in English and find a native speaker with whom you can talk to. Improvements won't be noticed overnight, but you will notice them soon enough!

  • 2016-12-14 shubham gupta

    Hello Mam.I'm excited to hear something from you. I've just joined this group.
    And I have a request Mam.
    Could you share some really effective tips for the verbal part, not some short tricks but something will helps in instilling english language and ultimately improve given with few weeks.
    And one more: can you suggest some good novels pertaining to verbal which are interesting.
    It would be great if you reply on this. Thank you!

  • 2016-12-14 Elisa Lemos

    OA: D
    The end of the second paragraph refers to certain adaptations (line 23) that the third paragraph then goes on to identify and discuss.

  • 2016-12-14 Elisa Lemos

    OA: E
    Because, as the passage states, it is more difficult for a snake with its heart close to its head to circulate blood to the tail, and therefore its body is likely to put more effort into circulating blood to the tail.

  • 2016-12-14 Elisa Lemos

    OA: D
    The passage states that in certain postures, sea snakes placed in a terrestrial environment will lose all blood pressure at
    their brains, which is an acute vulnerability.

  • 2016-12-14 Elisa Lemos

    OA: B
    The passage states that arboreal snakes have hearts close to their heads and not at the midpoints of their bodies, so it is
    reasonable to conclude that any terrestrial snake that frequently assumes vertical postures would be unlikely to have hearts at their bodies' midpoint.

  • 2016-12-14 Elisa Lemos

    OA: B
    The passage discusses the problems faced by sea snakes when they are subjected to a terrestrial environment and then
    examines terrestrial snakes to illustrate how certain adaptations solved these problems.

  • 2016-12-14 vamshivasanthr

    d)

  • 2016-12-14 vamshivasanthr

    e)

  • 2016-12-14 vamshivasanthr

    d)

  • 2016-12-14 vamshivasanthr

    b)


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