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GMAT - Critical Reasoning

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends? (more)

Although there is no record of poet Edmund Spenser’s parentage, we do know that as a youth Spenser attended the Merchant Tailors’ School in London for a period between 1560 and 1570. Records from this time indicate that the Merchant Tailors’ Guild then had only three members named Spenser: Robert Spenser, listed as a gentleman; Nicholas Spenser, elected the Guild’s Warden in 1568; and John Spenser, listed as a “journeyman cloth-maker.” Of these, the last was likely the least affluent of the three—and most likely Edmund’s father, since school accounting records list Edmund as a scholar who attended the school at a reduced fee.


Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A)Anybody in sixteenth-century London who made clothing professionally would have had to be a member of the Merchant Tailors’ Guild.

(B) The fact that Edmund Spenser attended the Merchant Tailors’ School did not necessarily mean that he planned to become a tailor.
(C) No member of the Guild could become Guild warden in sixteenth century London unless he was a gentleman.
(D) Most of those whose fathers were members of the Merchant Tailors’ Guild were students at the Merchant Tailors’ School.
(E) The Merchant Tailors’ School did not reduce its fees for the children of the more affluent Guild members.

E - There could be another reason to explain why Edmund attended the school at a reduced fee other then the economic situation, such as merit.

I am still confused on how to use the resources on your website . How to update my target score and study plan and how to communicate if i have questions (more)

I am still confused on how to use the resouses on your website . HOw to update my target score and study plan and how to communicate if i have questions 


Once you set your target score you will not be able to change it. Since your study schedule is based on your target score, that too will remain the same.

With regards to using the resources here is how you can access them:

  • The practice tests on your dashboard provide you with sets of varying difficulty levels which you can give under timed and untimed conditions.
  • QS- LEAP conducts free live classes regularly, wherein you learn strategies to solve questions. You also get a chance to interact with our tutors and the community. 
  • The resources tab has sub-tabs. There are videos on varied topics, while the topic gym provides you with concept notes, myriad blogs are there with prep and application based topics, and then there are the QS rankings of Universities. 
  • The directory tab gives you all the resources for your application related needs. You can discover universities and programs under the program tab. You can join university groups to interact with the community. You can find out about our tutors and also have a chance to get an admission consulting from experts in the field. 
  • If you have any queries related to an exam or the platform or your application, you can go to the QNA forum and post your queries there.
  • The tutors also provide personalized tutoring sessions wherein you can have a customized class planned according to your needs and areas for improvement.   

I hope this helps.

Keith: Compliance with new government regulations (more)

Keith: Compliance with new government regulations requiring the installation of smoke alarms and sprinkler systems in all theaters and arenas will cost the entertainment industry $25 billion annually. Consequently, jobs will be lost and profits diminished. Therefore, these regulations will harm the country’s economy.

Laura: The $25 billion spent by some businesses will be revenue for others. Jobs and profits will be gained as well as lost.

Laura responds to Keith by

(A) demonstrating that Keith’s conclusion is based on evidence that is not relevant to the issue at hand

(B) challenging the plausibility of the evidence that serves as the basis for Keith’s argument

(C) suggesting that Keith’s argument overlooks a mitigating consequence

(D) reinforcing Keith’s conclusion by supplying a complementary interpretation of the evidence Keith cites

(E) agreeing with the main conclusion of Keith’s argument but construing that conclusion as grounds for optimism rather than for pessimism

The correct answer is C as it correctly indicates Laura's response to Keith's argument. She points out what Keith has skipped considering in his argument, the fact that losses for one industry means gain for another industry.

Slow reading (more)


So my main problem is that I am a slow reader, thus I cannot finish the critical reasoning on time. And if i try to speed up, I get confused and become unable to answer. I will be very greatful if you help me with a tip to overcome this manner.

Thanks in advance

Hi Ahmed,

In order to increase your speed of reading, firstly you must practice reading. Make it a habit to read regularly; reading material can include newspaper and magazines like The Economist, Scientific American, The New Yorker, Al Daily etc. These reading material are of GMAT level and hence are suggested. While reading look out for the main point of the entire article and for the purpose of each paragraph. This is called active reading wherein your reading to comprehend the material. This reading exercise will help you to develop a speed and to understand what parts are critical to comprehending the passage and what parts are just details that are not critical to understanding the passage. This exercise will help you to get better at Reading Comprehension and Critical Reasoning. 

When it comes to dealing with critical reasoning passages, below is a strategy that you can adopt:

1. Read the question first. This will direct the way you approach the CR passage.

2. Read the passage and determine the role of each line. There are four components of a CR passage - premise, background, assumption, and conclusion.When you mark these components it really helps you to understand the passage.

3. Answer the question in your own words.

4. Match your predicted answer with the answer choices given.

The more you practice the better you will get at answering the questions and understanding the passages. 

For more information on this you can attend our Live Classes which are for free and have a look at the following links:

  • https://www.qsleap.com/gmat/resources/how-can-i-speed-up-my-pacing-on-the-gmat
  • https://www.qsleap.com/gmat/resources/preparation-strategies-for-the-gmat-verbal-section
  • https://www.qsleap.com/gmat/resources/videos/qs-leap-lessons-introduction-to-gmat-critical-reasoning
  • https://www.qsleap.com/gmat/resources/videos/qs-leap-lessons-gmat-cr-general-strategy-question-types

I hope this helps you.

Which of the following pieces of information, if true, weakens the conclusion above? (more)

Experts estimate that insurance companies' tardiness in paying doctors for legitimate medical claims adds approximately 10 percent in overhead costs for physicians. Insurance companies counter that the tardiness sometimes results from billing errors made by the doctors themselves. Since dealing with these billing errors costs the insurance companies time and money, it is clear that insurance companies do not have a significant economic incentive to delay claim payments to doctors.

Which of the following pieces of information, if true, weakens the conclusion above?

a) Some doctors who submit accurate bills to insurance companies still receive tardy payments.
b) The cost to the insurance companies to process incorrect bills from doctors' offices is roughly equivalent to the increased costs that physicians accrue as a result of tardy payments from insurance companies.
c) A rising proportion of medical claims submitted by doctors to insurance companies are deemed illegitimate by those insurance companies.
d) The billing errors made by doctors' offices are typically very minor, such as the submission of a claim with an outdated patient home address.
e) The overhead costs incurred by doctors as a result of delayed insurance payments result in an increase in the premiums paid by consumers to health insurance companies that far exceed any increase in the fees paid to doctors by insurance companies.

The conclusion of the passage is that the insurance companies' do not have an economic advantage in delaying doctors medical claims payments. As delaying the payments costs the insurance companies time and money, there is no incentive for the companies for being tardy. We need to choose an answer choice which contrasts this conclusion and shows that the insurance companies indeed have an advantage in delaying the claim payments to doctors.
a) This answer choice doesn't point to insurance companies making a profit, it just shows that the company is tardy even though the claim bills are being submitted on time.
b) This answer choice also does not tell us if the insurance companies are making any profits.
c) This answer choice is irrelevant with regards to the context of the question
d) This answer choice is also irrelevant
e) This is the correct answer choice as it clearly shows that overhead costs that the doctors incur due to delayed claims payments, far exceed the payments that the doctors ultimately get from the insurance company. This indicates that the insurance companies are making profits.