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GMAT Raw Scores, Scaled Scores and Percentile Ranks Explained

GMAT Raw Scores, Scaled Scores and Percentile Ranks Explained

The GMAT score report can be quite confusing for test takers. All the four sections of the GMAT – quantitative, verbal, integrated reasoning and analytical writing assessment – are scored on a different scale. If that wasn’t complicated enough to keep pace with, the score reports represent scaled GMAT scores – a more filtered down version of the GMAT raw scores which accounts for factors such as the difficulty of the questions and the ability of the student. So, what are these different performance metrics?

GMAT Raw Scores

Look at raw scores as the report cards back in your school days. The scores were based on the amount of questions you got correct in an exam. However, these do not present the full picture and they do not take into account qualitative factors such as difficulty of the questions or the performance relative to other test takers. In essence, GMAT raw scores are a very quantitative in nature and only tell you the number of answers you got correct in any section.

GMAT Scaled Scores

The scaled scores are nothing but raw scores adjusted for question difficulty. This means that an easier question will not carry as much weightage as a difficult question.  The verbal and quantitative sections are scored from a range between 0 to 60 after the conversion of raw scores to scaled scores. Post that, the total GMAT score is determined on a scale of 200-800. It is not very clear how the total score is determined from the scaled verbal and quantitative scores, but according to some experts verbal scores hold slightly higher weightage than quantitative scores. The integrated reasoning and analytical writing assessment sections are scored separately on do not contribute to the total GMAT score. The analytical writing is scored on a scale of 0-6 with half point intervals whereas the integrated reasoning is scored on a scale of 1-8 in one digit intervals.

GMAT Percentile Ranks

GAMT scores also come with a percentile ranking. Percentile ranks determine your performance relative to other test takers. A percentile rank of 80 means that your performance is better than 80 percent of the test takers. Percentile ranks are based exam data from the previous three years.

GMAT Score Report

You can see your unofficial GMAT scores immediately after the exam. Your official GMAT score report will be available within 20 days of the exam.


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