Polygamy in Africa has been a popular topic for social research over the past half-century; it has been analyzed by many distinguished minds and in various well-publicized works. In 1961, when Remi Clignet published his book many wives, many powers, he was not alone in sharing the view that in africa co-wives may be perceived as direct and indirect sources of increased income and prestige. For instance, some observers argued that polygamous marriages are more able than monogamous marriages to produce many children, who can legitimately be seen as a form of wealth as well as of “this-world” immortality connected to the transmission of family names (as opposed to “other-world” immortality in an afterlife). Moreover, polygamy is rooted in and sanctioned by many ancient traditions, both cultural and religious; therefore, some assert that polygamy can provide a stabilizing function within societies frequently under stress from both internal and external forces.
By the 1970s, such arguments had become crystallized and popular. Many otherAfrican scholars who wrote on the subject became the new champions of this philosophy. For example, in 1983, John Mbiti proclaimed that polygamy is an accepted and respectable institution serving many useful social purposes. Similarly, G.K. Nukunya, in his paper “polygamy as a symbol of status,” reiterated Mbiti's idea that a plurality of wives is a legitimate sign of affluence and power in African society.
However, the colonial missionary voice provided consistent opposition to polygamy by viewing the practice as unethical and destructive of family life. While the missionaries propagated this view citing the authority of the bible, they were convinced thatAfricans had to be coerced into partaking in the vision of monogamy understood by the western culture. The missionary viewpoint even included, in some instances, dictating immediate divorce in the case of newly converted men who had already contracted polygamous marriages. Unfortunately, both the missionary voice and the scholarly voice did not consider the views of African women important. Although there was some awareness that women regarded polygamy as both a curse and a blessing, the distanced, albeit scientific, perspective of an outside observer predominated both on the pulpit and in scholarly writings.
Contemporary research in the social sciences has begun to focus on the protagonist's voice in the study of culture, recognizing that the views and experiences of those who take part in a given reality ought to receive close examination. This privileging of the protagonist seems appropriate, particularly given that women inAfrica have often used literary productions, which feature protagonists and other “actors” undergoing ordeals and otherwise taking active part in real life, to comment on marriage, family, and gender relations.
Which of the following best describes the main purpose of the passage above?
(A) To discuss scholarly works that view polygamy as a sign of prestige, respect, and affluence in the African society
(B) To trace the origins of the missionary opposition to African polygamy
(C) To argue for imposing restrictions on polygamy in the African society
(D) To explore the reasons for women's acceptance of polygamy
(E) To discuss multiple perspectives on African polygamy and contrast them with contemporary research
I think the answer is E .The passage does not only speak about the scholarly perspective or the missionary perspective... those are only portions of the main passage, so A & B cannot be the answers. Women of Africa considered polygamy both as a curse and a blessing so D cannot be the answer as it mentions that women accepted polygamy and as such there were no reasons mentioned too. The passage definitely mentions reasons about why polygamy was considered to be useful to some scholars but the main passage is not dealing with the argument. It is merely showing us the different perspectives and how we failed to record the perspective of the main protagonist- the women of Africa. So E should be the answer.
I dont understand the options given as 2-jan; 5-mar; (number-month). Someone please help me understand these kindda options (more)
I dont understand the options given as 2-jan; 5-mar; (number-month).
Someone please help me understand these kindda options in answers.
can anyone tell which university take admission in inter-disciplinary stream in US and Canada (more)
i want to pursue MS in CS.B.tech-electronics and instrumentation.plz tell which universities i should target..
I would try IPFW or Purdue Universities in Indiana. I completed my bachelor's degree in physics from IPFW so i have a little bit bias lol, but I have had success finding a good job after graduation. These schools are very good to international students, and the cost of living is cheap in Indiana. This is really good for an international student whose currency is undervalued compared to the USD. Plus Purdue is a great technical school!
I am looking for admissions in a PhD program. I am a B. Tech (ECE) from VIT Vellore (2010) and an MBA from DoMS IIT Roorkee (2012) specialising in Finance and Operations. I have since, worked in Bank of India as a credit processing officer for 3 years and at Ford Motors as a senior financial analyst for 2 years. My time in the industry has given me a good exposure to credit risk and FP&A.
I gave my GRE in 2016 (V:166, Q:168). I am interested in a PhD in Quantitative Economics or Quantitative Finance. I am looking at the US, EU, UK and Canada.
I would be glad if someone could assess my profile and recommend me something that I can try for.
Thanks a ton!
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I am still unable to understand the statement. "25 can speak french and 3 speak French or Spanish or both or none can speak spanish and if number of students who speak both is same none,then which of the following could be the number of students who speak both? (A)0 (B)10 (C)15 (D)25 (E)35"