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GRE - Reading Comprehension - Argument Evaluation

The passage cites all of the following as reasons for the inclusion of operatic elements into the rock music genre in the 1970s EXCEPT:

In keeping with the notable incorporation of operatic elements into the rock music lexicon, the genre in the 1970s experienced a significant shift in emphasis away from recording and toward music performance itself. Several factors effected this change. First, the extended length and the moralizing subject matter of songs of the era rendered them less appropriate for radio play and more suitable for public presentation. Additionally, the advent of the concept album, in which multiple tracks revolved around a single unifying narrative or theme, furnished a basis upon which similarly calibrated performances could be enacted. Finally, as PA system technology improved, it became possible to hold concerts with 100,000 people or more, which encouraged artists to craft concerts that diverged from the merely musical toward the experiential. Bands began conceiving of their performances as shows, more akin to musical theater guided by plot and setting than to the traditional concert guided by the omnipresent set-list. Instead of simply playing one song after another, therefore, bands developed full performance medleys revolving around specific motifs, and punctuated by bombastic light shows, costume changes, and other massive stunts. For example, the popular British band Pink Floyd famously built a barrier in the middle of stage during one performance then had it dramatically knocked down mid-show as a promotion for their new album The Wall.

Q1. The passage cites all of the following as reasons for the inclusion of operatic elements into the rock music genre in the 1970s EXCEPT:

(A) Changes in concert equipment changed the way shows could be delivered.
(B) Pink Floyd’s dramatic staging served to promote an influential album.
(C) Shifts in the content of the music contributed to the songs having a more “story-telling” quality.
(D) One medium through which rock songs had typically been delivered to the public became less conducive to the genre.
(E) Artists altered their performances to reflect changes in the modern concert ambiance.

Q2. In the context of the passage, the word “effected” (line 3) most nearly means

(A) influenced

(B) moved forward

(C) transformed

(D) determined

(E) brought abou

 

 

A1. (A) Incorrect answer choice as the passage mentions in lines 8-9 that the PA system technology made it possible to hold big concerts.
(B) Correct answer choice as the passage uses Pink Floyd as an example to show how artists were using massive stunts.
(C) Incorrect answer choice as we find evidence for this in line 7 on how the concerts were taking a narative theme, which indicates that the concerts had a story-telling quality to them.
(D) Incorrect answer choice as we see in lines 4-5 how artists were moving away from radio shows and towards public presentation.
(E) Incorrect answer choice as we find evidence for this in lines 10-11 on how artists were moving towards experiential performances.


 

A1. (A) Incorrect answer choice as the passage mentions in lines 8-9 that the PA system technology made it possible to hold big concerts.

(B) Correct answer choice as the passage uses Pink Floyd as an example to show how artists were using massive stunts.

(C) Incorrect answer choice as we find evidence for this in line 7 on how the concerts were taking a narrative theme, which indicates that the concerts had a story-telling quality to them.

(D) Incorrect answer choice as we see in lines 4-5 how artists were moving away from radio shows and towards public presentation.

(E) Incorrect answer choice as we find evidence for this in lines 10-11 on how artists were moving towards experiential performances.

A2. The passage says that there were many factors that led to the change that took place in rock music. We need a word that matches led to. Out of the answer choices, E, brought about, matches it well and clearly communicates the point that rock music was effected by many factors. Influenced, moved forward and transformed do not convey the meaning that the factors lead to the changes that occurred. Determined does not convey the meaning that is intended and hence, is incorrect.