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GRE - Sentence Equivalence - Sentence Equivalence

Once White stepped down from a political platform, where his daring, _________ speeches provoked baying applause from audiences, he was courteous and considerate even to politicians he had just slandered in the speech. (more)

Once White stepped down from a political platform, where his daring, _________ speeches provoked baying applause from audiences, he was courteous and considerate even to politicians he had just slandered in the speech.

A. florid
B. defamatory
C. calumnious
D. inveigling
E. timorous
F. diffident  

 

The clues for this text completion are straightforward, we need words that go with daring and which suggest that White had slandered politicians. Out of the answer choices, B, defamatory and calumnious (damaging someone's reputation), both imply the negative nature of White's speech. Timorous (lacking confidence) and diffident (shy) form a pair but imply the opposite of what the sentence wants to convey. Florid (red flushed complexion) and inveigling (convince someone by flattery) do not make a pair and hence are out. 

Ever a demanding reader of the fiction of others, the novelist Chase was likewise often the object of _________ analyses by his contemporaries. (more)

Ever a demanding reader of the fiction of others, the novelist Chase was likewise often the object of _________ analyses by his contemporaries.

A) exacting
B) copious
C) respectful
D) acerbic
E) scathing
F) meticulous

The novelist Chase is described as a demanding reader and even his contemporaries are like him, demanding. So we need answer choices matching demanding. Answer choice A, exacting (demanding) and F, meticulous (attention to detail) form a good pair to fill the blank. Copious (abundant in quantity) does not have a pair nor does the word respectful. Acerbic and scathing (severely critical) are extremely negative for the context of this sentence. 

The spy's repeated bungling was, above all else, __________ those who wished to thwart her efforts, since it was so unpredictable as to obscure any pattern that might otherwise lead to her capture. (more)

The spy's repeated bungling was, above all else, __________ those who wished to thwart her efforts, since it was so unpredictable as to obscure any pattern that might otherwise lead to her capture.

A. an obstacle to
B. a signal to
C. a hindrance to
D. an indication for
E. a snare for
F. a boon to 

The spy was repeatedly bungling, which means being clumsy. The clue says that it's usually difficult to not leave a pattern, which eventually leads to the spy getting captured. So being clumsy is a way to be unpredictable in order to avoid being captured. Out of the answer choices A, obstacle, and C, hindrance are the right answer, as they clearly convey the meaning how her clumsiness is saving her. Signal and indication form a pair but they convey the opposite meaning of what the text wants to convey. Snare (trap) and boon (beneficial) do not form a pair.

The government’s implementation of a new code of ethics appeared intended to shore up the ruling party’s standing with an increasingly _________ electorate at a time when the party is besieged by charges that it trades favors for campaign money. (more)

The government’s implementation of a new code of ethics appeared intended to shore up the ruling party’s standing with an increasingly _________ electorate at a time when the party is besieged by charges that it trades favors for campaign money.

A. aloof
B. placid
C. restive
D. skittish
E. tranquil
F. vociferous 

 

The new code of ethics intends to support the ruling party's standing, especially at a time when the party is surrounded by certain charges. We need a word that describes the electorate in such a situation. Aloof (not friendly or forthcoming) does not have a pair. Placid and tranquil both mean calm, but do not form a meaningful sentence. Restive (restless) and skittish (nervous or excitable) are a pair and form a meaningful sentence when used in this text. 

Given the flood of information presented by the mass media, the only way for someone to keep abreast of the news is to rely on __________ accounts. (more)

Given the flood of information presented by the mass media, the only way for someone to keep abreast of the news is to rely on __________ accounts.
A. synoptic
B. abridged
C. sensational
D. copious
E. lurid
F. understated

copious and understated