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GRE - Text Completion

Text completion query (more)

During my text completion study prep, I've come across many questions which are either grammatically incorrect and who's answer options are framed in such a way that they seem irrelevant to the question. Below are some examples:

1) A delusion often held by beginner novelists is that sentence construction  Echoes believed: the more complex the structure, the more _________ the  Notions.    

A complicated  B involved  C vital  D imaginary  E insignificant  F involved

Options:

A. A, B
B. B, C
C. C, D
D. E, F
E. A, F

AB and AF are the same option since the word 'involved' is repeated. 

 

2) Unwitting dictatorial film director hardly identify a critical reason for the

Low levels of serious conflict among film crew members of popularly engage other different divisions experts a little of patience for opposition often averts __________.


Options:

A. demur
B. schism
C. cooperation
D. complaince
E. shortsightedness

I'm not certain what the question aimed to convey.

Please help me out!

Hi Simran,

Thank you for pointing out the repetition. I have noted the same and will get it changed. 

Here is the explanation for the second text completion question posted by you:

Unwitting dictatorial film director hardly identify a critical reason for the low levels of serious conflict among film crew members popularly engaged with other different divisions experts, a little of patience for opposition often averts __________.

The sentence is talking about the conflict among crew members which is unwittingly (unintentionally) not identified by the film director who is described as dictatorial (authoritative) here. Your clue to fill this sentence are the words ‘serious conflict’ and ‘opposition’. The sentence says if this opposition is dealt with patiently then the opposition can be averted (prevented). Among the answer choices schism which means a split or division between strongly opposed sections or parties, caused by differences in opinion or belief matches the clue and hence is the right answer choice. 

 

 

Ironically, the writer so wary of (i)__________ was (ii)__________ with ink and paper, his novel running to 2,500 shagreen-bound folio pages — a fortune in stationary at the time. (more)

Ironically, the writer so wary of (i)__________ was (ii)__________ with ink and paper, his novel running to 2,500 shagreen-bound folio pages — a fortune in stationary at the time.

Blank (i)                  Blank (ii)
A. probity               D. acquisitive
B. extravagance    E. illiberal
C. disapprobation F. profligate 

 

Let's begin filling the second blank, the clue for which is '2500 shagreen-bound folio pages-a fortune in stationery'. This line indicates that the writer used a huge amount of ink and paper. Out of the answer choices, F, profligate, wasteful in the use of resources, fits in well to form a meaningful sentence. The first blank will have a word that suggests that the writer was wary of being wasteful but nonetheless he indulged in using too many resources. Answer choice B, extravagance, lack of restraint in using resources, matches the intended meaning. Probity (honesty and decency) and disapprobation (strong disapproval) do not fit in to form a meaningful sentence. 

Unlike the problems in recent financial scandals, issues raised by the regulators, in this case, appear largely to pertain to unwieldy accounting rules that are open to widely divergent interpretations — not to (i)________ transactions designed to (ii)___ (more)

Unlike the problems in recent financial scandals, issues raised by the regulators, in this case, appear largely to pertain to unwieldy accounting rules that are open to widely divergent interpretations — not to (i)________ transactions designed to (ii)________ corporate malfeasance.
 

Blank (i)                                   Blank (ii)
A) sham                                   D) cloak
B) unpremeditated               E) ameliorate
C) justifiable                           F) illuminate

The word 'unlike' indicates that the blank will have words that contrast the description that is given in the text. The case pertains to unwidely (unmanageable) accounting rules. Financial scandals is another clue that suggests transactions were fake. Out of the answer choice A, sham (fake, bogus) fits in well to convey this meaning. Corporate malfeasance means corporate wrongdoing. So shams will be designed to hide the wrongdoings of corporate. Out of the answer choices, D, cloak, (cover) conveys this meaning. Ameliorate is incorrect as shams will not make things better. Illuminate (reveal) is the opposite of what the sentence wants to convey. 

The government has no choice but to (i)________ the incessant demands for land reform, and yet any governmental action that initiated land reform without requisite attention to agrarian reform would (ii)________ the overall goal of economic modernization. (more)

The government has no choice but to (i)________ the incessant demands for land reform, and yet any governmental action that initiated land reform without requisite attention to agrarian reform would (ii)________ the overall goal of economic modernization.
 

Blank (i)             Blank (ii)
A) anticipate     D) delineate
B) heed              E) condone
C) silence           F) compromise 

 

The clue to fill the first blank is the word 'initiated'. It suggests that the government has to pay attention to the demands for land reforms. Answer choice B, heed matches this meaning. Then the sentence goes on to say that initiating the land reform will impact the overall economic growth. The word 'yet' indicates that the second blank will have a word which contrasts the first blank. Out of the answer choices F, compromise (undermine) is a good contrast and meaningfully completes the sentence. 

In the midst of so many evasive comments, this forthright statement, whatever its intrinsic merit, plainly stands out as __________. (more)

In the midst of so many evasive comments, this forthright statement, whatever its intrinsic merit, plainly stands out as __________.
A. a paradigm
B. a misnomer
C. a profundity
D. an inaccuracy
E. an anomaly

The comments have been evasive (directed towards avoidance or escape), but this particular statement is forthright (direct). The word in the blank will suggest that the comment is not as expected, it's been direct instead of being elusive like other comments. Among the answer choices, an anomaly, something that deviates from what is standard, normal, or expected, is the perfect word to convey the contrast. Paradigm (a typical example), misnomer (wrong name or designation), profundity (thoughtfulness) and inaccuracy are wrong as they do not form a meaningful sentence when used in the context of this text.