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SAT - Writing & Language - Grammatical Construction

Usage of this and that

Usage of this and that

This and that come under the category of demonstrative pronoun. Demonstrative pronouns are pronouns that point to specific things. An easy way to remember when to use this and when to use that is through the principle of distance. If an object of reference is in your sight, you must use this. Eg. This is my friend Heena. If an object of reference is away from your sight you must use that. Eg. That trip we made to Goa was amazing. This and that are also used as demonstrative adjectives when they modify nouns or pronouns. The principle for usage remains the same as the principle of distance. Eg. This apple is spoilt. I did not enjoy reading that book. The words this and that occur right before the noun/pronoun that they modify.